Hypothyroidism, (Hypothyroidism) also called underactive thyroid disease, is when your thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone.
The thyroid gland is located in the front lower part of your neck. Hormones released by the gland travel through your bloodstream and affect nearly every part of your body, from your heart and brain, to your muscles and skin.
The thyroid controls how your body's cells use energy from food, a process called metabolism. Among other things, your metabolism affects your body’s temperature, your heartbeat, and how well you burn calories. If you don't have enough thyroid hormone, your body processes slow down. That means your body makes less energy, and your metabolism becomes sluggish.
What Causes Hypothyroidism?
The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's thyroiditis. "Thyroiditis" is an inflammation of the thyroid gland and may be caused by a viral infection. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder. With Hashimoto’s, your body produces antibodies that attack and destroy the thyroid gland. These same antibodies will all attack the medicine prescribed to regulate the thyroid, requiring a combination of drugs.
Symptoms can include depression, hair loss, dry skin, fatigue, sensitivity to cold, swelling of the thyroid gland, unexplained weight gain, difficulty losing weight.
It can be hard to find the right doctor to personalize treatment to your specific symptoms. Seek a specialist with experience in treating Hashimoto and Thyroid issues. Like with any experts you will need to do some research and find the right advice you are comfortable with. In researching this topic we found that you should find a specialist that will work with you over the phone in conjunction with your own doctor. Here is an example of one such practice